中医药文化就是在这样宽泛的概念环境中培育和发展起来的。修身养性，追求长寿健康，这是人类自古以来一直的美好愿望。养生文化是中医文化的重要组成部分，同时也是中国传统文化不可缺少的一部分。“养生”一词最早出现于《庄子·内篇》。所谓生，就是生命、生存、生长的意思；所谓养，即保养、培养、补养的意思。总之， 养生就是根据自身的发展规律达到保养生命、增进健康的意思。《中国大百科全书》将养生的概念的定义为：“以调阴阳、和气血、保精神为原则， 运用调神、导引吐纳、四时调摄、食养、药养、节欲、辟谷等手段，以期达到健康长寿的方法。”“养生” 在中国古代又称之为“摄生”，所谓“摄”，包含了“保养”的方式，《道德经》中就有“善摄 生者”的论述。有关养生的理论和方法称之为“养生术”“养生之道”。
考察学术界关于养生文化的研究，也都将养生文化融入中国传统文化的体系框架中分析。主要分为三个方面：一为以儒释道为核心的传统哲学思想指导下的养生；二为以“流水不腐，户枢不蠹”理念为指导的中国传统保健体育养生；三 为以《黄帝内经素问》“五谷为养，五果为助， 五畜为益，五菜为充，气味合而服之，以补精益气” 为理论指导的食疗药膳养生。
综上所述，可以将中医药健康养生文化归纳为： 起源于中华优秀传统文化，以中医药学为理论基础， 以中医健康养生理念为指导，有助于促进人们身心健康的理论、规律、方法、习俗和技术的总和。
中医药学在实践层面强调养生“治未病”，并在长期发展中积累了丰富的养生理念和方法， 形成了独具特色的健康养生文化，深深融入中国人的日常生活。比如，强调人与自然、社会和谐相处，认为“人与天地相参也，与日月相应也”； 强调生活方式与健康密切相关，讲究“食饮有节， 起居有常，不妄作劳”；强调养德养生，“仁者寿”“善养生者，当以德行为主，而以调养为佐”；强调“身心合一”，注重养形、养气、养神的统一等等。
《中医药发展战略规划纲要（2016-2030 年）》提出：“通过加快发展中医养生保健服务体系、 提升中医养生保健服务能力、发展中医药健康养老服务、发展中医药健康旅游服务，促进公民中医健康文化素养大幅度提升。”习近平总书记在全国卫生与健康大会强调：“要着力推动中医药振兴发展……努力实现中医药健康养生文化的创造性转化、创新性发展。”
《中华人民共和国中医药法》于 2017 年 7 月正式实施，中医药发展有了国法保障。在一系列国家战略规划指导下，国家中医药管理局也及时制定了发展规划，如：《中医药发展“十三五”规划》、《中医药文化建设“十三五”规划》和《中医中药中国行——中医药健康文化推进行动实施方案（2016-2020 年）》等。
以上文件都提到了与中医药健康相关的文化、产业，对建立和发展中医药健康养生文化“两创” 实践体系提供了指导。新形势和新任务要求广大中医药工作者加强中医药健康养生文化“两创” 工作，使之与现代健康理念相融相通，服务人民健康，服务国家中医药发展战略。
由于工业化、城镇化、人口老龄化，以及疾病谱、生态环境、生活方式的不断变化，我国仍然面临多重疾病威胁并存、多种健康影响因素交织的复杂局面，我们既面对着发达国家面临的卫生与健康问题，也面对着发展中国家面临的卫生与健康问题。如果这些问题不能得到有效解决， 必然会严重影响人民健康，制约经济发展，影响社会和谐稳定。据统计，当前国人健康形势严峻， 高血压人口超过 2.5 亿，糖尿病患者达到9700 万，超重或肥胖患者有 7000 万。由生活方式导致的慢性病发病率快速上升，有健康问题的人群日趋年轻化。此外，人口老年化严重，60 岁以上人口已达2.3 亿，2030 年将达 3.7 亿，2050 年将达4.87 亿。
中国社会科学院的2015 年的《人才发展报告》指出， 七成人有过劳死的危险，2013 ～ 2014 年，在全球35 ～ 46 岁死于心脑血管病的人中，中国占 22%。
严峻的形势促使大家对中医养生模式开始异常重视起来。犹如《黄帝内经》载：“圣人不治已病治未病，不治已乱治为乱……夫病已成而后药之，乱已成而后治之，譬犹渴而穿井，斗而铸锥， 不亦晚乎。”希望从养生、治未病的角度，提前防治， 减少疾病发生率。与此相应的是，中医健康养生观念也逐渐回归国人生活方式。尤其在当下，社会转型时期，焦虑和亚健康成为多数年轻人的共同难题。“养生”不再是仅有老年人才关心的话题， 更多人群对中医“养生”拥有期待。
习近平在墨尔本出席皇家墨尔本理工大学中医孔子学院授牌仪式上提到：“中医药学凝聚着深邃的哲学智慧和中华民族几千年的健康养生理念及其实践经验，是中国古代科学的瑰宝，也是打开中华文明宝库的钥匙。”2015 年 12 月，在致中国中医科学院成立 60 周年贺信中也提到：“中医药学是中国古代科学的瑰宝，也是打开中华文明宝库的钥匙。”习近平多次关于中医药学是“祖先留给我们的宝贵财富”，是“中华民族的瑰宝”，是“打开中华文明宝库的钥匙”“凝聚着深邃的哲学智慧和中华民族几千年的健康养生理念及其实践经验”等重要论述，凸显了中医药学在中华优秀传统文化中不可替代的重要地位。为推动中医药振兴发展指明了方向、提供了准绳。人类进入21世纪， 与中华优秀传统文化一样，中医药健康养生文化也面临着复兴和繁荣的机遇和挑战。
文化是民族的血脉，是人民的精神家园。中华民族伟大复兴需要以中华文化发展繁荣为条件。2017 年1 月，中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅印发《关于实施中华优秀传统文化传承发展工程的意见》，要求“将中华优秀传统文化全方位融入思想道德教育、文化知识教育、艺术体育教育、社会实践教育各环节，贯穿于启蒙教育、基础教育、职业教育、高等教育、继续教育各领域”，充分表达了党和国家对传承发展中华优秀传统文化的高度重视。
4. 建立和完善中医药健康养生文化“两创” 的实践体系
当前，理论和实践领域，都还缺乏成熟中医药健康养生文化“两创”实践体系，“两创”实践过程中，还面临很多困境，存在一些不足之处。例如，全国各地在推动中医药健康养生文化实践体系过程中，能够注重发挥与体现“双创” 的作用与价值，但也存在少部分地区照搬照抄的倾向，比较典型的一个现象是，很多地区都出现“中医药养生小镇”的规划建设，模式较为单一，同质化现象严重。再如，2017 年，浙江成为全国第一个把中医药知识列入中小学地方必修课的省份，属于中医药健康养生文化一个“两创”典型， 此举引起热议。赞成方认为中医是国粹，能鼓励孩子们养成“顺应四时”的作息习惯、多做运动等是件好事。反对方认为中医晦涩难懂，成人都难以明白，小学生更加不懂，与之相比，急救、性教育才是更急需的课程。
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