2019年5月15日

中国人健康大数据概况

 

中国高血压人口有1.6-1.7亿人

高血脂的有将1亿多人

糖尿病患者达到9240万人

超重或者肥胖症7000万-2亿人

血脂异常的1.6亿人

脂肪肝患者约1.2亿人

平均每30秒就有一个人罹患癌症

平均每30秒就有一个人罹患糖尿病

平均每30秒,至少有一个人死于心脑血管疾病

各类疾病出现年轻化趋势

中国22%的中年人死于心脑血管疾病;

七成人有过劳死的危险;

白领亚健康比例高达76%;

中青年女性易得妇科,心脑血管疾病;

中青年男性面临猝死、过劳和癌症等问题;

慢性病患病率已达20%,死亡数占总死亡数83% ;

中国人的腰围增长速度将成为世界之最!!

目前我国主流城市的白领亚健康比例高达76%,处于过劳状态的白领接近六成,真正意义上的健康人比例不足3%。

中国人医疗大数据

 

有三分之一的病人死于药物的不良反应。

普通疾病的误诊率高达27%左右;重大疾病的误诊率高达40%左右。

《千手观音》23位主要演员中19位都是因药物不良反应导致聋哑。

英国研究证实:有85%的药品是无效的,对病人最好的措施就是尽量减少医疗干预。

美国研究证实:高度发达的现代医学体系与人的健康没有太大关系。

美国研究证实:有30%-40%的手术不需要做!

美国研究证实:与美国人健康寿命相关的因素中,只有10%跟医疗相关!导致美国人健康寿命延长30年中,有25年与医学没有关系。

数据监测显示,每隔30秒就有一个缺陷儿出生,相当于每小时30个,每天720个!

这些残酷、冰冷的数字充分证明,中国人民的健康存在很大问题。要想改善这些问题,首先要做的是唤醒国人的健康保健意识。只有人人关注自身及家庭的健康,才会达到全面健康。

所以,中国健康,从自我保健开始。

“自我保健”的概念最早由世界自我药疗产业协会(WSMI)的首位华人主席郭振宇博士提出。

郭振宇博士倡导“7月24日为国际自我保健日”,寓意“每周7天,每天24小时,时时刻刻关注自我保健”。

人为什么会生病?

一是先天的易感基因,二是后天的免疫力。

 

以下九类人免疫力会较差

 

1、交际圈子太狭窄

 

研究证实,一个人结交的朋友越少,身体越易生病,甚至寿命也大受影响。而朋友数目超过6个的人抵抗感冒病毒的能力提高4倍。

建议:友谊是增强免疫力的“良药”,但是与太多人往来,也可能变成一种压力。不要勉强自己,三五知心好友比一堆泛泛之交重要得多。

2、平日欠下“睡眠债”

 

经常克扣睡眠时间会让身体产生的免疫细胞数量锐减。芝加哥大学的研究人员发现,相对于每天睡7~8小时的人,每天只睡4小时的人,血液里的流感抗体只有前者的50%。

建议:睡眠不足会使免疫系统功能降低,不过不一定要睡8小时,只要早上醒来觉得精神舒畅就可以。

3、凡事老往坏处想

 

研究发现,当悲观者积极看待生活中的不幸时,体内和免疫相关的白细胞数量会增多,他们的身体状况得到显著改善。

建议:每天5分钟,一边深呼吸,一边做做白日梦,让愉快的画面从脑中飘过,可以增加免疫细胞的数目和活力。

4、有话憋在肚子里

 

研究发现,喜欢探讨问题的夫妻,血压、心率会降低,而和免疫相关的白细胞数量会升高。

建议:有话就说,不要憋在肚子里,这和适度锻炼对人体的好处差不多。

5、顶着重压过日子

 

人在丧偶后的一年内最容易生病,一份让你内心不得安宁的工作也会对免疫力造成深深的伤害。

建议:骑自行车、参加瑜伽课程、学做美食、享受按摩都是减压的好办法。

一项研究发现,每天接受45分钟的按摩,1个月后免疫细胞数目增加,免疫功能有明显改善。

6、外出常以车代步

 

美国阿帕拉契州立大学研究指出,每天运动30~45分钟,每周5天,持续12周后,免疫细胞数目会增加,抵抗力也会相对增加。

建议:浙江医院康复医学科黄雄昂医师说,运动只要心跳加速即可,太过激烈或时间超过1小时,反而会抑制免疫系统的活动。

7、朋友是个大烟鬼

 

统计表明,美国每年有3000名非吸烟人员死于肺癌,30万儿童患呼吸道感染,二手烟对健康的影响毋须多言。

建议:应尽量远离二手烟环境,另外,饮酒也应适量。酒精会抑制制造抗体的B细胞,增加细菌感染的机会。

8、过分依赖抗生素

 

研究发现,一出现感冒症状就服用抗生素只会让病毒产生抗药性,导致更严重的感染。

建议:有些感染,如流行性感冒,是由病毒引起的。除非确定遭到细菌感染,否则,不需要服用抗生素。

9、不易被逗笑

 

加利福尼亚洛马琳达大学医学院的研究发现,大笑能减少“压力荷尔蒙”的分泌,增加免疫细胞的数量。

建议:在午休时间可看段搞笑视频、分享笑话或漫画,这些都能让你获得快乐。

激活免疫力的9个办法

 

中国老年医学学会营养与食品安全分会副会长周春凌给出了简单提高免疫力的9个办法,帮你把疾病挡在门外。

1、充足睡眠

 

在季节交替时,易出现因工作压力大、睡眠不足而导致的荨麻疹、带状疱疹等与免疫力下降相关的疾病,一定要保证充足睡眠。

2、酸奶早餐

 

美国健康协会的一项研究发现,酸奶可以使“坏”胆固醇(低密度脂蛋白LDL)水平降低,并将尿路感染的风险降低47%。

3、多吃大蒜

 

美国马里兰大学医疗中心研究发现,常吃大蒜不仅有助于提高免疫力,还能帮助防止心脏类疾病。不过,肠胃疾病患者要少吃。

但大蒜素遇热易挥发,建议将其捣碎后放置10~15分钟再吃,让蒜氨酸和蒜酶等物质互相作用,提高营养价值。

4、蔬菜鸡汤

 

美国内布拉斯加州大学医学中心一项研究显示,蔬菜搭配鸡汤具有一定的抗炎效果,有部分消除因感冒引起的炎症的食疗作用。

5、常饮蜂蜜水、姜水、柠檬水

 

研究表明,蜂蜜中的抗氧化剂是提高免疫力的助推器;生姜是天然的镇痛剂和解毒剂,有一定对抗感染的作用;柠檬中含有丰富的维生素C,有抗氧化性。

6、享受下午茶时光

 

下午3、4点后,人体精力开始衰退,此时,喝杯下午茶或咖啡、吃些点心不仅能补充热量,还能缓解连续工作后的疲劳,通过自我调节,保持自身免疫系统健康。

7、每周坚持锻炼

 

美国国家医学图书馆一项报告显示,运动能够帮助“冲洗”肺部细菌,提高免疫系统检测疾病能力。

现代人工作压力大,但在身体基础状况正常的情况下保证每周五天,每次30分钟~60分钟的运动量即可。

8、多晒太阳

 

保持体内高水平维生素D,就可以更好地预防嗓子痛、普通感冒和鼻塞等问题。

一般来说上午十点、下午四点阳光中紫外线偏低,可避免伤害皮肤,每次晒的时间不超过半小时即可。

9、保持微笑

 

美国斯坦福大学研究人员发现,笑能增加血液和唾液中的抗体及免疫细胞数量,缓解疲劳,是提高免疫力的良药。

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